Russia has long been an awe-inspiring destination for travelers. Much of its appeal can be seen in the rich history that makes up the country. Look to these attractions in Russia that are sure to make any history buff happy.
1. Red Square
This area is central to daily life in Moscow and sits adjacent to the Kremlin. Its centuries-old design highlights various surroundings including the modern shops in the historic GUM shopping center.
2. The Kremlin
Kremlins are found throughout the country but this Moscow based structure is the most well-known. The destination has been home to Tsars and rulers such as Catherine the Great.
3. Winter Palace
During the 1700s, this palace was home to Alexander I and Nicholas I. Over a thousand rooms make up this impressive attraction which is now part of the Hermitage Museum.
4. Hermitage Museum
The Hermitage is one of the most respected museums in the world. It features a wide range of exhibits that cover archaeological finds as well as artistic achievements. Russian artwork is prominently on display through various exhibitions.
5. Saint Basil’s Cathedral
This UNESCO World Heritage Site features a colorful and unique design that stands out among Red Square attractions. Visit in October to participate in the Day of Intercession service at the cathedral, or tour the interior to view its outstanding design.
6. Kizhi Island
Kizhi Island is a special destination located in Lake Onega. Buildings and historical sites were placed on the island as part of its open-air museum. Events occur throughout the year to teach and entertain guests.
7. Summer Garden
Peter the Great took part in the origins of this beautiful garden. Flooding during the 1700s damaged many attractions, but rebuilding has replaced much of the losses. Sculptures from famous Italian artists such as Boratta are prominently located throughout the grounds.
8. Lake Baikal
The first Russian explorer to reach Lake Baikal was Kurbat Ivanov in 1643.Almost three centuries later, the Russians built the Trans-Siberian Railway right next to it. Visit during winter months for snow-covered landscapes.
In more recent history, this city is known for hosting the XXII Olympic Winter Games but it offers a year-round resort destination. But from the 6th to the 11th centuries, the area was home to the kingdom of Lazica and kingdom of Abkhazia, who built many churches within the city boundaries.
10. Izborsk Fortress
Izborsk Fortress dates back centuries and presents a present day view of Russian fortification. Wood and stone combine to produce outstanding structure as well as secret passages. Take a guided tour to discover little known facts about reconstructed sections.
11. Lenin’s Mausoleum
The attraction offers a unique glimpse of Vladimir Lenin. His embalmed body has been on display in the tomb since the early 1920s. Keep in mind that no photography is allowed inside the mausoleum.
12. Peter and Paul Fortress
This attraction was built before many of the famous St. Petersburg palaces. Exhibits detailing its special history are presented among the grounds. Consider purchasing a ticket that covers several locations in addition to this site.
13. Peterhof Palace
Expect large crowds at this St. Petersburg destination. Guests should plan to take in all that the palace has to offer including the surrounding park, gardens and fountains. Its full restoration has returned the destination to its original design.
14. Bolshoi Theatre
This Joseph Bove-designed theatre is a major attraction for ballet enthusiasts. The theatre is also home to the Bolshoi Opera. Shows are presented year-round and tickets are available online.
Kolomenskoye is a formal royal estate and is known for the unique design of its churches and buildings. The Church of St. George and Church of Our Lady of Kazan are some of the most famous sites.